From embankment dams to arch dams to gravity dams, here’s a lowdown on the tallest dams in the world, if not the largest
01 Mratinje Dam
The Mratinje Dam is a concrete arch dam in the canyon of the Piva River in Montenegro. The dam is 220 metres (720 ft) high, one of the highest in Europe. The dam is 268 metres (879 ft) long and 4.5 metres (15 ft) thick at the crest, while it is 30 metres (98 ft) long and 36 metres (118 ft) thick at the base. The foundations go as deep as 38 metres (125 ft) into the ground. 820,000 cubic metres (1,070,000 cu yd) of concrete and 5,000 tonnes of steel were built into the dam.
02. Contra Dam
The 220-m tall dam became a popular bungee jumping venue after a James Bond stuntman jumped off it in the opening scene of the 1995 film GoldenEye. The Contra Dam, commonly known as the Verzasca Dam and the Locarno Dam, is an arch dam on the Verzasca River in the Val Verzasca of Ticino, Switzerland. The dam is owned and operated by Verzasca SA and is the fourth tallest in Switzerland.
03. Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam (221.46 m), once known as Boulder Dam, is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the US states of Arizona and Nevada.
04. Luzzone Dam
Lago di Luzzone is a lake in Ticino, Switzerland.The arch dam Luzzone (225 m) was completed in 1963. In the years 1997–1998, its height was increased by 17 m. One wall of the dam currently features the world's highest artificial climbing wall. A German manufacturer of climbing holds installed a line of over 650 artificial holds and bolts. The course covers a vertical distance of 165 meters, going from the base of the dam to the top.The climb must be done as a sport climb, in multiple pitches. Furthermore, the lowest holds were placed several meters above the ground to deter casual visitors from climbing on them.
05. Bhakra Dam
Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, and is near the border between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, is Asia's second highest at 225.55 m (740 ft) high next to the 261m Tehri Dam.
06. Karun-4 Dam
The Karun-4 Dam is an arch dam on the Karun River in the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Iran. The dam is a concrete double curvature arch-type and 230 metres (750 ft) high from the foundation] The arch dam design is an ideal one for a dam built in a narrow, rocky gorge to hold back water in a reservoir.
07. El Cajón Dam
The El Cajón Dam (234 m) is a hydroelectric power plant located in Western Honduras. Overall, the dam is the fifth highest dam in the Americas, 16th highest in the world. El Cajón is also the highest arch dam in the western hemisphere, and the sixth highest arch dam worldwide.
08. Oroville Dam
Oroville Dam is a rockfill embankment dam on the Feather River east of the city of Oroville, California in the United States. At 770 feet (230 m) high, it is the tallest dam in the US and serves mainly for water supply, hydroelectricity generation and flood control.
09. Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam
The Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam is located on the Yenisei River, near Sayanogorsk in Khakassia, Russia. It is the largest power plant in Russia and the sixth-largest hydroelectric plant in the world, by average power generation. It's height is approximately 242 m.
10. Mica Dam
The Mica Dam (243 m height) is a hydroelectric dam spanning the Columbia River 135 kilometres north of Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada.